However, don’t confuse hope — especially active hope — with four related but different states that have less positive implications. You can have radical hope without knowing what future deliverance looks like or when it will arrive. To Kingsnorth, “False hope is worse than no hope.” Jensen seems to be thinking about both false hope and radical hope when he says hope is a “longing for a future condition over which you have no agency; it means you are essentially powerless.”Furthermore, absence of hope doesn’t stop some people from acting in pro-environmental ways. Their titles: Commanding Hope (Homer-Dixon) and Hope Matters (Kelsey) leave little doubt as to where their authors stand on the importance of hope. We found that passive hope, radical hope and positive reappraisal seem to be unlikely motivators of success in most environmental battles.