In a small town above Palermo stands one of Sicily’s art treasures — the Cathedral of Monreale. In the 11th century, when the Muslim Arabs were tossed out by the Christian Normans, the Normans made Sicilian civilization grander yet — building monumental Norman churches. The church was built to show off the power of the Norman king William II — shown here boldly standing while being crowned by Christ. To solve this controversy — called the “Iconoclastic Controversy” — a pope called a convention, the Council of Nicaea, in the eighth century. Here at the Cathedral of Monreale the art is laid out precisely as the council prescribed.